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Science (Middle/Secondary)

Science 6
In the Sciences 6, students continue to investigate the process of scientific inquiry through experimentation. Exploration is made into various forms of energy including nuclear, geothermal, and solar. This course offers a study of the characteristics of light and how force affects motion. Students explore the phases of the moon, the characteristics and properties of the sun, the life cycle of stars, black holes, and quasars. Communicable and noncommunicable diseases are also reviewed.

Science 7
This course reviews the ethical and moral obligations of scientists regarding scientific research. Students identify the five oceans and study the composition of ocean water, the various depths and the living organisms present, and the ocean food chain. A discussion of natural selection is introduced, as well as Darwin’s theory of evolution, adaptations, and mutations. Students investigate how plants use the sun’s energy during the process of photosynthesis. Students learn about the constellations and how they were named. The development and use of technology including robots, artificial skin, and genetic engineering are also discussed.

Science 8
The Sciences 8 presents lessons that continue to build on previous scientific concepts. Students study types of chemical bonds and chemical reactions. They learn to read chemical formulas and balance chemical equations. The topic of waves is discussed including wavelength, crest, trough, amplitude, and frequency. Students study the cell processes of meiosis and mitosis and investigate DNA bonding. A study is made of Mendel and inherited traits. Students learn about the science and technology involved in constructing and maintaining the International Space Station.

Earth & Space Science
Earth and Space Science contains a wide variety of topic areas. These areas include an introduction to earth and space themes, comparison and uses of pie charts, review of the elements and their properties, observations of events and phenomena in the universe, sunspots, the solar system, satellites, earthquakes, the cycles of the moon, balloons, airplanes, development of rockets, the Apollo missions, characteristics of different atmospheric layers, cloud cover, weather terms and cycles, high and low pressure, types of fronts, climatology, oceanography, underground water, topography, weathering and erosion, dinosaurs, and natural resources.

Chemistry I
This introductory chemistry course covers personal safety, basic lab techniques, heating solids, determining specific heat, mixtures, chemical reactions, calculating average atomic mass numbers, the periodic table, positive and negative charges, chemical equations, balancing the single replacement equation, empirical formulas, equation stoichiometry, using instruments to measure and describe gas, Boyle’s Law, pressure in the atmosphere, temperature, and universal symbols.

Chemistry II
Chemistry II continues coursework from Chemistry I. This title includes a review of the empirical and molecular formulas, the first law of thermodynamics, electromagnetic energy, classifying subatomic particles and forces, molecular geometry, identification of symbols used in writing chemical reactions, properties of solids, colligative properties, rate of diffusion, osmotic pressure, activation energy, the pH scale, spontaneous reactions, Le Chatelier’s Principle, buffers, heat of reaction, and entropy.

Physics
Physics is an advanced level science course that includes the introduction to physics concepts, mathematics as the language of physics, scalar and vector quantities, acceleration, Newton’s first law of motion, vectors, universal gravitation, mechanical advantage, thermal energy, types of waves, definition of sound, Snell’s Law, atoms, magnets, the unit of charge, Ohm’s Law, resistance, combined electrical circuits, how electricity is generated, and a brief review of astronomy.

Physical Science
Physical Science offers several distinctive components: an in-depth examination of the biological functions of vision and sound in relation to physical laws, the impact of scientific discoveries on technology and society, and an overview of natural hazards, including the impact of humans on the environment. The Physical Science course covers the fundamentals of chemistry, matter, energy, and various scientific fields. The lessons are designed to move the student beyond the level of basic knowledge into critical thinking and learning activities.

Biology
Comprehensive Biology covers a range of instructional topics including the definition of biology, atoms and elements, cell processes, comparison of DNA and RNA, identification of the kingdoms and phyla, fungal diseases, artificial reproduction, cnidaria, the worm phyla, nervous, circulatory, and respiratory systems of vertebrates, the human body support systems, digestion, skeletal support, the human spinal cord and brain, the digestive process, the importance of water in digestion and excretion, the male and female reproductive systems, gestation and childbirth, and other social issues in biology.

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